Research and Development


Semi Conductors Research Group

Organic Semiconductor Devices and Renewable Energy Resources

Research is going in two areas:

  1. Organic semiconductor devices (sensors of temperature, humidity, light, pressure, displacement and strain).
  2. Renewable energy utilizations (Solar photo-voltaic, solar thermal, Thermoelectric & Photo-thermoelectric Devices, biogas technology, micro-hydropower plants, wind-power technology).

FYP, Masters and PhD students are involved in these projects. During last eight years, 9 PhD students and more than 10 master students have defended their thesis.

Research Topics:

  • Fabrication and investigation of properties of organic semiconductor electromechanical sensors.
  • Organic semiconductor sensors for telemetry applications.
  • Thermoelectric and Photo-thermoelectric Generators/devices for power generation and Modern Instrumentation applications.
  • Fabrication and investigation of Organic Photo-transistor.
  • Optimization, Monitoring and Simulations of PV Systems.
  • Organic Solar cells Fabrication and Characterization by different state of the art techniques.
  • Thermo-Electrochemical Power Sources.
  • Renewable energy: Voltage and Current control of micro hydro power generation.

Honors / Awards / Achievements:

    • 1st position of Taimoor Ali of getting best poster presentation at 13th International Symposium on Advance Material (ISAM).
      Graduate Students (Currently Enrolled):
    • Taimoor Ali, FEE, (MS Student)
    • Amjad Farooq, FEE, (MS Student)
    • Muhammad Zeeshan Rizvi, FEE, (MS Student)
    • Muhammad Mujahid, FEE, (MS Student)
    • Arshad Ali, Energy System Engineering (IF), (MS Student)
    PhD Thesis (Completed):
    1. Syed Abual Moiz, “Temperature-dependent electrical characterization of novel organic semiconductor based diodes for sensor technology”—2005.
    2. Tauseef Ahmed, “Organic semiconductor copper phthalocynainephotoelectric photocapacitive and humidity sensors”— 2007.
    3. Muhammad Saleem, “Investigation of organic materials for the fabrication of electric, electronic and photonic devices”—2010.
    4. Mutbarah Shah, “Fabrication and investigation of nickel phthalocyanine based electronic and optoelectronics devices”—2011.
    5. Imran Murtaza, “Fabrication and electrical characterization of organic semiconductor phthalocyanine-based devices”—2011.
    6. Muhammad Tariq Saeed, Fabrication and investigation of organic and nano materials based sensors”—2012
    7. Fakhira Aziz, “Investigation of electrical and optoelectronic properties of vanadyl phthalocyanine for organic electronic devices”—2012.
    8. Tahseen Amin Khan Qasuria, “Inverstigation of organic semiconductor for the telemetery system application”—2012.
    9. Adam Khan, “Characterization of organic materials for electromechanical sensors”—2013.
    MS Thesis (Completed):
    1. Laiba, “Design and installation of a fixed photovoltic system using an Asymmetrical Reflector”—2005.
    2. Amer Elahi, “Photo-electrical investigations of n-Si/OD/CG and n-Si/OD-VETP/CD electrochemical cells for optoelectronic applications”—2005.
    3. Ali Ghias, Design and Fabrication of Maximum Power Transfer Switch & PWM Controlled Inductor less DC-DC Converter for Cost-efficient Photo-voltaic Systems.”—2007.
    4. Zubair Ahmad, “Fabrication and electrical characterization of Au/CuPc/n-Si/Au heterojunction”—2008.
    5. Tehseen Amin Khan Qasuria, “Investigation of Organic Semiconductor thin film photovoltaic cell using CuPc and NiPc”—2008.
    6. Atif Khan, “Fabrication and investigation of organic semiconductor VO2 (3-fl) based humidity sensors”—2012.
    7. Muhammad Ali, “A cost efficient PV parameters monitoring and data acquisition system”—2012.
    8. Rana Tariq Mehmood Ahmad, “Fabrication and investigation of nickel phthalocyanine based organic photo resistive sensor”—2013.
    9. Muhammad Saad Zahid, “Organic semiconductor based light sensitive field effect transistor”—2013.
    10. Muhammad Mehran Bashir, “Fabrication and investigation of photo-thermoelectric and thermoelectric devices for power generation and instrumentation”—2013.
    11. Aisha Shabbir, “Modeling of available solar energy, optimization and economic analysis of PV (Photovoltaic) solar plants”—2013.
    • Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abid, Dean FME, Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute.
    • Prof. Dr. Mahroof-Tahir, St.-Cloud State University, USA.
    • Dr. Chong, Associate Prof., Penang University, Malaysia.
    • Dr. M. Khan, Jeddah University, Saudi Arabia
    • Dr. Tariq Saeed Chani, Saudi Arabia
    • Dr. Klarar Hernadi, Hungry University, Hungry.
    Research Publications:
    • Kh. S. Karimov, Muhammad Abid. “Potentialities of biogas technology, Production and utilization of biogas“. ISBN 978-3-639-14806-0. VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG. Germany, 2009.
    • Khasan Karimov, Tauseef .Khan Ibrahim Qazi. “Organic Semiconductors Technology and Properties. Multi-functional sensors”, Projektnummer 22163, ISBN 978-3-639-14830-5, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG. Germany, 2009.
    • Kh.S.Karimov, Sh.B.Dikambaev, Muhammad Abid, S.K.Turusbekov, E.S.Bogombaev, A.G.Vedenev,” Production and utilization of biogas”, Publishing Center “Avangard”, Bishkek,2009, 75 pages, ISBN 978-9967-432-29-1.
    • Muhammad Abid, Kh.S.Karimov. “Micro-hydropower systems”. ISBN :978-3-639-23336-0, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG. Germany, 2010.
    • S. A. Moiz, Kh. S. Karimov, M. M. Ahmed. “Electrical Characterization of Novel Organic Semiconductors. Materials and Devices for Sensor Technology”. ISBN :978-3-639-27157-7, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG. Germany, 2010.
    • Kh.S.Karimov, Kh.M.Akhmedov. “Micro-hydropower engineering”. ISBN 978-99947-38-57-1, Donish, Dushanbe, Tajikistan, 2010.(In Russian).
    • Khasan Karimov, Muhammad Abid. “Organic Semiconductor Electromechanical Sensors. Pressure, Displacement and Strain Sensors.ISBN: 978-3-639-33003-8, VDM Verlag Dr.Muller GmbH & Co.KG Dudweiler Landstr. 99, 66123 Saarbrucken, Deutschland, 2011.
     Journal Publications (Selected):
    1. Kh.S. Karimov, Muhammad Tariq Saeed Chania, Fazal Ahmad Khalid, Adam Khan, Rahim Khan, Carbon nanotubes-cuprous oxide composite based pressure sensors. Accepted by Chinese Physics B, 2011.
    2. M.Tariq Saeed, F.Ahmad Khalid, Kh. S. Karimov , M. Shah,”Organic Cu/Cellulose/ PEPC/Cu Humidity Sensor”,OAM-RC vol. 4 iss. 6/2010, p. 888-892.
    3. Kh.S. Karimov, Muhammad Tariq Saeed Chani, Fazal Ahmad Khalid, Carbon nanotubes film based temperature sensors, accepted by  Physica E, (21-May-2011).
    4. Kh.S.Karimov, M.Saleem, Z.M.Karieva, Adam Khan, T.A.Qasuria. A carbon nanotube-based pressure sensor. Phys. Scr. 83 (2011), 065703 (4 pp).
    5. Sh.M.Khan, M.H.Sayyad, Kh.S.Karimov.” Investigation of temperature-dependent electrical properties of p-VOPc/n-Si heterojunction inder dark conditions. Ionics, DOI 10.1007/s 11581-010-0508-0, January (2011), pp.1-7.
    6. Khasan S. Karimov, Mohammad Mahroof-Tahir, Muhammad Saleem and Zubair Ahmad. “I-V Characteristics of Vanadium-flavonoid complexes based Schottky diodes” Physica B 406 (2011) 3011–3017.
    7. Kh. S. Karimov, M. Saleem, Z. M. Karieva, Adam Khan, T. A. Qasuari and A. Mateen. “CNT Based Pressure Sensor” is accepted for publication in Physica Scripta in 2011..
    8. Imran Murtaza , IbrahimQazi , KhasanS.Karimov , MuhammadH.Sayyad ,” Impedance spectroscopic studies of an organic semiconductor device incorporating a thin film of highly doped ZnPc with MoO3”, Physica B 406 (2011) 1238–1241.
    9. Kh. S.Karimov, M. Tariq Saeed, F. A. Khalid and Z.M. Karieva, “Photoconductive properties of organic-inorganic Ag/p-CuPc/n-GaAs/Ag cell”, Accepted by J.of Semiconductors (2011).
    10. Kh. S. Karimov, M. Abid, M. Mahroof-Tahir, M. Saleem, Adam Khan, Z. M. Karieva, M. Farooq. V2O4-PEPC composite based pressure sensor”,  Microelectronic Engineering, 88 (2011),1037-1041.
    11. Mutabar Shah, M. H. Sayyad,  Kh. S. Karimov, Electrical characterization of the organic semiconductor Ag/CuPc/Au Schottky diode”, Journal of Semiconductors (accepted for publication in 2011)
    12. M.Saleem, Kh.S.Karimov, Z.M.Karieva, A.Mateen, Humidity sensing properties of CNT-OD-VETP nanocomposite films, Physica E 43 (2010), pp.28-32.
    13. Kh. S. Karimov, Muhammad Abid, Z. M. Karieva, S. A. Moiz. Organic materials sensors for environmental monitoring and asessment. The Mediterranean Journal of Measurement and Control. Vol.6., No.$., (2010), pp.155-157..
    14. Kh.S.Karimov, M.Saleem, Z.Ahmad. M.Farooq, Z.M.Karieva, Adam Khan, Resistive and  Capacitive Cu2O-PEPC Composite Based Displacement Transducer, Phys.Scr. Vol.82 (2010), 065702 (5pp).
    15. Mutabar Shah, Kh. S. Karimov, Zubair Ahmad, M. H. Sayyad. Electrical Characteristics of Al/CNT/NiPc/PEPC/Ag Surface-Type Cell. CHIN. PHYS. LETT. Vol. 27, No. 10 (2010) 106102, pp.1-4.
    16. M.Shah, , M.H.Sayyad, Kh.S.Karimov, F.Wahab. “Electrical characterization of the ITO/NiPc/PEDOT:PSS junction diode”. J.Phys.D: App. Phys. Vol.43, (2010), 405104 (5pp).
    17. Kh.S.Karimov, M. Saleem,  M. Mahroof-Tahir, T.A. Khan, Adam Khan. “Pressure Sensitive Organic Field Effect Transistor” .  Physica E 43, (2010), pp.547-551.
    18. Kh. S. Karimov, M. Saleem, M. Shah, S. Shafique, “Investigation of Rectenna for Microwave Power Conversion”, Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology , 1 (2010) 035002 (4pp). doi:10.1088/2043-6254/1/3/035002.
    19. Kh.S. Karimov, M. Tariq Saeed, F.A. Khalid1 and S.A. Moiz “Effect of displacement on resistance and capacitance of the polyaniline film” Chin. Phys. B Vol. 20, No. 4 (2011) 040601.
    20. Kh. S. Karimov, M. Saleem, T. A. Qasuria, M. Farooq, “Surface-type Humidity Sensor based on Cellulose-PEPC for Telemetry Systems”, Journal of Semiconductors, Vol.32, No.1 January (2011), pp.1-5..
    21. H.Mekhdi, Kh.S.Karimov, A.A.Kavokin.” Information gain ratio based clustering for investigation of environmental parameters”. Proc.of World Academy of Sci., Engg. And Technology, ISSN 207037224, V.62, 2010,pp.246-250.
    22. Mutabar Shah, Kh. S. Karimov, M. H. Sayyad.”Organic semiconductor nickel phthalocyanine photocapacitive and photoresistive detector”, (accepted by Journal Semiconductor Science and Technology, China , 2010).
    23. M. Saleem, M.H Sayyad, Kh.S. Karimov, Z.M. Karieva, Kuan Y. Cheong, Ahmad F. Mohd Noor, “I-V characteristics of Ag/OD-MO/Ag surface-type diode fabricated by deposition of organic film from solution under the effect of an electric field”, European Physical Journal-Applied Physics, Vol. 50, 30401 (2010), pp.30401-p1-p6.
    24. Z. Ahmad, M.H. Sayyad¤, Kh.S. Karimov, M. Saleem and M. Shah. “Frequency dependent electrical characteristics of Au/n-Si/CuPc/Au heterojunction”, Vol. 117 (2010) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A , Vol.117,No.3,(2010) , pp.493-496.
    25. Kh. S. Karimov , T.A.Qasuria, Zubair Ahmad, “ Impedance Hygrometer based on Cellulose and CuPc”, Journal of Semiconductors,Vol.31, No.6, June (2010), pp. 400(1-4).
    26. Kh.S. Karimov, Kuan Yew Cheong, M. Saleem, Imran Murtaza, M.Farooq, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Noor, “ Ag/PEPC/NiPc/ZnO/Ag thin film capacitive and resistive humidity sensors”, Journal of Semiconductors, Vol.31.No.5 , May (2010), pp. 054002-(1-6).
    27. I.Murtaza , Kh.S. Karimov , Zubair Ahmad, I. Qazi , M. Mahroof-Tahir , T.A. Khan, “Humidity Sensitive Organic Field Effect Transistor “Journal of Semiconductors,  Vol.31, No.5, May (2010), pp. 05001-(1-5).
    28. Kh.S.Karimov, Kh.M.Akhmedov, bid, M.Mehran Bashir,U.Shafique, M.Ali.
    29. “Investigation of temperature gradient sensors  based on  carbon  nano-tubes”, Accepted by “Journal of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Tajikistan, 2012”.
    30. Kh. S. Karimov, K. Kabutov, Kh. M. Akhmedov, U. Kh. Karimov, M. A. Saqib, A.Ghias “High Efficient Solar Photoelectric Station”Journal of Academy of Seinces of Tajikistan, 2007.
     Conference Publications (Selected):
    1. Taimoor Ali, Kh. S. Karimov, Resistance Temperature Sensitivity Zn/orange dye aqueous solution/carbon cell Presented in International Symposium on Advanced Materials (ISAM) 2013.
    2. M. Saleem, Kh.S.Karimov, Muhammad Tariq Saeed, Resistance strain sensors based on quasi-one-dimension Ph3MeP (TCNQ)2 crystals1st Saudi International Electronics, Communications and Photonics Conference, April 23-26, 2011, Riyadh Saudi Arabia.
    3. Muhammad Tariq Saeed, Kh.S. Karimov, F. Ahmad Khalid, M. Farooq , A study of V2O4-PEPC composite based resistance temperature sensors. 1st Saudi International Electronics, Communications and Photonics Conference, April 23-26, 2011, Riyadh Saudi Arabia.
    4. Kh.S.Karimov, T.A.Qasuria, Zubair Ahmad.” Impedance Hygrometer based on Natural Organic Material “. Proc. Of the 9th WSEAS International Conference on Applications of Electrical Engineering, ISBN: 978-960-474-171-7. March, 2010, Penang, Malaysia, pp.35-39.
    5. H.Mehdi, Kh.S.Karimov, A.A.Kavokin , “ IGR Based Clustering for Investigation of Environmental Parameters Effects on Human Mental Performance”, ICCSE, Penang,  Malaysia , Feb. 2010.
    6. M. A. Ghias , Kh. S. Karimov , S. I. A. Termizi, M. J. Mughal, M. A. Saqib, I. H. Kazmi “Photo-Voltaic  system with load control” ICEE2007,Lahore.
    7. Kh. S. Karimov, M.A.Ghias, M.J.Mughal “ Photo-Voltaic system with Load Controller for Maximum Power Transfer” (ICoSM2007) Malaysia.