Dr. Waqas Akbar Lughmani

Dr. Waqas Akbar Lughmani

Associate Professor (HEC Approved Supervisor)


PhD (Mechanical Engineering), Loughborough University (2015)

Research Interests:

Computational Mechanics, AI in Engineering, Biomedical Devices




Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering

Loughborough University, United Kingdom

Thesis Title: Experimental and numerical investigations of bone drilling for the indication of bone quality during orthopaedic surgery



Masters Mechanical Engineering

Myongji University, South Korea

Thesis Title: Finite Element Analysis of bending behaviour of IPMC (ionic polymer metal composite) 



B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering 

University of Engineering & Technology,

(UET) Peshawar, Pakistan.

Project Title: Design and Fabrication of Hospital Waste Incinerator





Associate Professor

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi, KPK.


Associate Professor

Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad.


Senior Design Engineer


Nemaura Pharma, Loughborough UK


Research Associate


Loughborough University, UK




National University of Science and Technology, Islamabad


Junior Engineer


Chashma Nuclear Power Plant, PAEC






2010-2015    Research Assistant, funded by Loughborough University.

2006-2008    MS, funded by HEC Pakistan.






  1. S Rasheed, WA Lughmani, M Obeidi, B Dermot, IU Ahad “The Porosity Design and Deformation Behavior Analysis of Additively Manufactured Bone Scaffolds through Finite Element Modelling and Mechanical Property Investigations”, Journal of Functional Biomaterials 14 (10), 496. IF=4.8
  1. Lughmani, Waqas A., Kaddour Bouazza-Marouf, and Ian Ashcroft. “Drilling in cortical bone: A Finite element model and experimental investigations.” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 42 (2015), 32-42. IF=4.07
  1. Lughmani, Waqas Akbar, et al. “Modeling of bending behavior of IPMC beams using concentrated ion boundary layer.” International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing 10.5 (2009): 131-139. IF=2.041
  1. Lughmani, W. A., Kaddour Bouazza-Marouf, and I. Ashcroft. “Finite element modeling and experimentation of bone drilling forces.” Journal of Physics:. Vol. 451. No. 1. IOP Publishing, 2013. IF=0.67
  1. Lughmani, W.A, Kaddour Bouazza-Marouf, Drilling resistance and quality of bone, Acta of bioengineering & biomechanics, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2017 IF=1.238
  1. S Rasheed, WA Lughmani, M Obeidi, B Dermot, IU Ahad “Additive Manufacturing of Bone Scaffolds Using PolyJet and Stereolithography Techniques” Applied Sciences 11, 7336 IF=2.839
  1. Asad Usman, WA Lughmani, “Human-Centric Digital Twins in Industry: A Comprehensive Review of Enabling Technologies and Implementation Strategies” Sensors 2023, 23(8), 3938 IF=3.847
  1. Usman Asad, WA Lughmani “Biomechanical Modelling of Human Robot Accident Scenarios: A Computational Assessment for Heavy Payload Capacity Robots” Applied Sciences, 13(3), 1957 IF=2.839
  1. Syed OB Islam, WA Lughmani, “A connective framework to minimize the anxiety of collaborative Cyber-Physical System.” International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing. https://doi/full/10.1080/0951192X.2022.2163294 IF=4.42
  1. Syed OB Islam, WA Lughmani “A Connective Framework for Safe Human-Robot Collaboration in Cyber-Physical Production Systems” Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-022-07490-1 IF=2.807
  1. Syed OB Islam, WA Lughmani “A Connective Framework for Social Collaborative Robotic System” Machines, 2022, 10(11), 1086 IF=2.899
  1. A Khalid, Y Wei, MR Saleem, WA Lughmani “Meso scale component manufacturing: a comparative analysis of non-lithography and lithography-based processes” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 32 (6), 063002 IF=2.282
  1. Syed OB Islam, W A Lughmani ,WS Qureshi, Exploiting visual cues for safe and flexible cyber-physical production systems, Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2019, Vol. 11(12) 1–13, IF=1.56
  1. M M Khan, Nadeem S, Azfar K, Lughmani WA, Experimental characterization of gasoline sprays under highly evaporating conditions, Heat and Mass Transfer, doi.org/10.1007/s00231-017-2251-9 IF=2.325
  1. M Khan, A Khalid, WA Lughmani, MM Khan “A use case of exclusive economic zone of Pakistan for wave power potential estimation” Ocean Engineering 237 IF=4.372





A Smart Microfactory Design: An Integrated Approach, Functional Reverse Engineering of Machine Tools, CRC Press ISBN 9780367078034 – CAT# K405929





  1. Hamid Jabbar, Waqas Akbar Lughmani, Ubiquitous Factory: An Automation of Nuclear Power Plant, International conference of Ubiquitous information technologies and applications, vol 1, p 1266-1273, DUBAI, 2007
  2. WA Lughmani, K Bouazza-Marouf, I Ashcroft, “Finite element modeling and experimentation of bone drilling forces”, International Symposium on Dynamic Deformation and Fracture of Advanced Materials, 2013 UK
  3. OU Khan, WA Lughmani, Finite element modeling of blocking force of ionic polymer metal composites (IPMC) in micro gripper, Emerging Technologies (ICET), 2017 13th International Conference,1-5
  4. Syed OB Islam, W A Lughmani, A Smart Micro Factory Design: An Integrated Approach, First International Workshop on Functional Reverse Engineering of Machine Tools (WRE2018)



  1. US20190022365A1, GB2546757A, WO2017129980A1 Microneedle device; Inventor Dewan Fazlul Hoque Chowdhury, Waqas Akbar LUGHMANI
  2. US20180369552A1, GB2546550A, WO2017129964A1 Device and method; Inventor Dewan Fazlul Hoque Chowdhury, Waqas Akbar LUGHMANI, Savvas VOULGARIS



  1. Life Member, Pakistan Engineering Council (PE)








Social media & sharing icons powered by UltimatelySocial